Despite the prognosis by public health experts that herd immunity against COVID-19 will require vaccinating children, a new survey suggests that only half of parents currently agree to vaccinate their own children. Fifty-two percent of American parents of a child under the age of 18 say their child is likely to receive the COVID-19 vaccine as soon as it is available for their age group, according to the latest installment of the Axios Coronavirus Index. -Ipsos. Republican respondents showed the greatest resistance to pediatric vaccination, Axios reported.
In contrast, 71% of respondents overall said they had already been vaccinated (47%) or would likely receive the vaccine as soon as it was available (24%). The survey, conducted April 2-5, used a nationally representative sample of 979 American adults. A similar pattern emerged in a separate survey conducted March 7-12 by the family advocacy organization ParentsTogether: Although 70% of parents said they had already received or planned to receive the coronavirus vaccine, only 58% expressed their support. willingness to “probably or definitely” vaccinate their children. In that survey, which included responses from 971 ParentsTogether members, black and Hispanic parents were more likely than white parents to say they weren’t sure about vaccinating their children against it. COVID-19, as do parents from low-income households compared to high-income households. “The path to greater acceptance of the vaccine is clear: Parents need more education and information to make them feel comfortable before deciding to vaccinate their children, ”the survey report said.“ Parents report anxiety about unknown side effects as their primary concern, they say They want to know more about the research and need more proof of the vaccine’s safety. ” Knowing someone who has received the vaccine also made respondents twice as likely to say they would vaccinate their own child, according to the survey, suggesting there is “great value in making those who get vaccinated more visible.” . As of Monday, 32.4% of the total U.S. population had received at least one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine and 18.8% had been fully vaccinated, according to the Centers for Control and Prevention. of Diseases Vaccines currently under authorization for emergency use in the US are manufactured by Pfizer PFE, -0.61% and BioNTech BNTX, + 1.52% (for persons 16 years and older ), Moderna MRNA, + 3.23% (for people 18 years or older) and Johnson & Johnson JNJ, -0.08% (also for people over 18 years). Trials are currently underway to test the safety and efficacy of vaccines in children. Pfizer and BioNTech said in late March that a phase 3 trial of their vaccine in 12-15 year old participants demonstrated 100% efficacy and “robust” antibody responses, surpassing previous results seen in 16 vaccinated trial participants. to 25 years. Pfizer and BioNTech also said they had dosed the first healthy children a week earlier in their phase 1/2/3 global study aimed at evaluating the two-dose vaccine in children 6 months to 2 years, 2 to 5 years and 5 to 11 years. From May 21, 2020 to April 1 of this year, 284 children in 43 states, New York City, Puerto Rico and Guam died from COVID-19, according to data compiled by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Association of Children’s Hospitals, translated to approximately 0.06% of the total deaths from COVID-19 in those places. Some 14,179 children had been hospitalized as of April 1 in the 24 states (plus New York City) that reported the age distribution of hospitalizations, representing 2% of total hospitalizations in those locations. While children appear to account for a small fraction of COVID-19 hospitalizations and deaths, experts say vaccinating them will be important, particularly given the potential for more dangerous virus variants to emerge and the potential for complications such as multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), a rare but potentially fatal condition related to coronavirus. Studies have also found that children of color account for a disproportionate proportion of childhood coronavirus infections, mortality, and MIS-C cases. The United States has never achieved herd immunity against natural infection with a new virus; Until now, vaccination has always been necessary. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease physician and President Biden‘s top medical adviser, has offered a series of estimates on what percentage of the US population would need to be vaccinated against COVID-19 to achieve herd immunity. , but emphasized that it is difficult to pin down a concrete range. About 22% of the US population is under the age of 18, according to the Census Bureau. “I think we should be careful marrying this concept of herd immunity, because we really don’t know precisely what that particular virus is,” Fauci said during a Senate committee hearing last month. “I’ve been saying lately … and it’s purely an estimate: 70 to 85% of the population. If so, we would probably have to have more children. And I think as we vaccinate high school students in the fall, we will be able to achieve that. “While experts still don’t know” what that magic point of herd immunity is, “Fauci added,” we do know that if we vaccinate the overwhelming population, we will be in good shape. “” Ultimately, we would like to and we have to include children in that mix, “he said.