2/2 © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Smoke seen from a cooling tower of a China Energy ultra-low emission coal-fired power station during a press tour, in Sanhe 2/2
SHANGHAI (Reuters) – China will promote large-scale carbon capture projects and track methane emissions from coal and oil and gas extraction, as part of its contribution to global efforts to limit temperature rise the Environment Ministry said Wednesday. President Xi Jinping promised last year that China, the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, would peak emissions by 2030 and become “carbon neutral” by 2060. In new policy guidelines, the China’s Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) pledged to make climate action a performance indicator for government officials. He also said that controlling carbon emissions would be at the heart of a coordinated program to protect and restore the country’s environment, which has been damaged by decades of breakneck industrial growth. Since Xi revealed China’s carbon neutrality target to the United Nations in September last year, academics at home and abroad have said China would need to implement technologies that capture the greenhouse gases released during the extraction and combustion of fossil fuels. . Senior officials have also endorsed “nature-based solutions” aimed at addressing the causes of climate change, including reforestation and wetland restoration programs. In the new guidelines, the MEE said it would promote the construction of large-scale carbon capture, utilization and storage demonstration projects. China has several carbon capture projects in operation, but none have been economically viable. The MEE also said that it will deploy advanced satellite technology to track changes in land use, another major cause of greenhouse gas emissions, and will encourage industries such as steel, power generation and chemicals to formulate their own plans to push emissions to a peak. As China nears launching the first phase of its repeatedly delayed nationwide emissions trading scheme, the MEE also promised to make full use of market mechanisms to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.